The Human Rights Act 1998 was a fundamentally important piece of legislation, and one which reflected the political imperative faced by a new Labour government that had been elected by a landslide, in 1997, partly in response to its constitutional reforming rhetoric. Indeed, it has been described as “irresistible due to a combination of popular pressures and long-standing pre-election commitments”.[i] The HRA was to have a highly significant effect on the constitutional arrangement of the United Kingdom, affecting perhaps some of the most significant changes for decades, if not centuries. This essay will consider the effect of the HRA 1998 on three offices that have historically been central to the constitutional arrangement, and which are unique to the English constitutional arrangement. The offices to be considered are the Lord Chancellor, the Attorney-General and the Law Lords, who represent the highest branch of the judiciary.The Law Lords sit as part of the upper Chamber of the Houses of Parliament, and are thus integral members of the legislative branch of the state. They are also, of course, senior members of the judicial branch of the state, and constitute the highest appellate court in the land. A judgment from the Law Lords is binding on every court in England and Wales, and the Law Lords thus play a central role in the development of the common law. As the great Enlightenment political theorist, Montesquieu, and many others, have argued, there is a crucial constitutional need for a separation of the different branches of the state in order that one may act as a counterweight and check on the powers of the others, thus avoiding great accumulations of power in one body or individual, which may lead to tyranny.[ii] The English position, then, is contrary to the ideal constitutional position advocated by such theorists. The situation peculiar to the English arrangement has, in spite of this, survived and developed for centuries in its own idiosyncratic way. This would be abruptly affected, however, by the new Labour government.