电休克疗法是一种精神治疗，主要用于诱发癫痫发作，于19世纪初首次引入英国。随着时间的推移，这种治疗方法得到了发展，主要用于临床抑郁症的治疗(Endler NS, 1988)。电击疗法主要用于啮齿动物和鱼类(Duncan, C. P. 1949)，然后由两名意大利神经病学家Ugo Cerletti和Lucio Bini提出，作为一种治疗人类精神病和精神分裂症的方法(美国精神病学协会，2008)。多年来，它已经演变成一种用于治疗各种精神疾病的疗法。随着它的发展，很多争议产生了，由于滥用的情况-缺乏训练有素的专业人员，欺骗患者关于其有效性，其安全性的整体。关于电击是一种有效的治疗方式，还是仅仅是一种虐待和赚钱的手段，仍然存在争议。对动物和啮齿类动物的实验开始于20世纪，并持续进行，因为给它们电击被证明与给人类的抗抑郁电休克疗法相似。他们用实验来研究它的机制并完全理解它。在大量的实践之后，第一次在人类身上进行的实验是在1937年，乌戈·塞莱蒂和他的同事卢西奥·比尼试图用电击疗法来治疗精神分裂症患者。结果，他们发现，经过10到20次治疗，病人被治愈了(Theilmann et al. 2014)。电击疗法被证明有效后，成为治疗精神病院囚犯最有效的方法。
Electroconvulsive therapy is a psychiatric treatment, primarily used to induce seizures, that was first introduced in the United Kingdom in the early nineteenth century.As time passed, this treatment has developed and has mostly been used to treat clinical depression (Endler NS, 1988). Electroshock therapy was primarily performed on rodents and fish (Duncan, C. P. 1949) , then was introduced by two Italian neurologists- Ugo Cerletti and Lucio Bini- as a treatment for humans with psychosis and schizophrenia (American Psychiatric Association, 2008). Throughout the years, it has evolved and become a treatment used for a variety of mental illnesses. With its evolvement, a lot of controversy arose, due to cases of misuse- the lack of trained professionals, deceiving patients about its effectiveness, and its safety overall. The debate remains as to whether or not electroshock is an effective form of therapy, or if it is nothing more than abuse and a money-maker.Experiments on animals and rodents began in the 1900’s and continued to occur because the shocks given to them were proven to be similar to antidepressant electroconvulsive therapy given to humans. They used experiments to investigate its mechanisms and to understand it completely. After much practice, the first experiment conducted on a human was in 1937, where Ugo Cerletti, and his colleague Lucio Bini attempted to treat patients with schizophrenia by using electroshock therapy. As a result, they discovered that after ten to twenty treatments, the patient was cured (Theilmann et al. 2014). After proven to work it electroshock became the most sufficient method of treating asylum inmates.