一个简短的历史背后的发展铁路作为一个行业在英国的读者在本节。铁路在英国的历史追溯到第十九世纪以来，蒸汽发动机的发明，导致在蒸汽机车的使用创新设计机车J. Simmons和G. Biddle（1997）。对轨道的蒸汽机车的发明标志着理查·特里维西克在1804年初的货运和客运交通的新时代在英国历史上，认为由J. Simmons和G. Biddle（1997）。虽然对铁路的发明的早期阶段是用于在从矿山取代煤炭的货运，在民营铁路公司的形式公开使用的铁路发展成为突出的1830起与史托顿及达灵顿铁路成为运输和随后的客运蒸汽机车第一成熟运营商。在铁路的进一步发展，主要是随着科技的发展和民营铁路在英国景观生长直到1923当小铁路公司被更大的公司最终形成四个主要的球员在英国铁路行业普遍知识获取拥有“四巨头”。这些公司包括.
A brief history behind the development of railways as an industry in the UK is presented to the reader in this section. Railways in the UK traces its history back to the 19th century since the invention of the Steam engine that led to the innovation in the use of the steam engine for designing locomotives as argued by J. Simmons and G. Biddle (1997). The invention of the rail guided steam locomotives by Richard Trevithick in 1804 marked the beginning of a new era for freight and passenger transportation in the British history as argued by J. Simmons and G. Biddle (1997). Although the early stages of the invention of the railway lines were intended for the freight movement in terms of displacing coal from the mines, the development of the railways for public use in the form of private operated railway companies became prominent since 1830 with Stockton and Darlington Railway becoming the first full-fledged operator of steam locomotives for haulage and subsequent passenger transportation.Further development in the railways were mainly involved with the technological developments and the growth of private operated railways across the British landscape until 1923 when the small railway companies were acquired by larger companies eventually forming four major players in the British Railway Industry popularly known as ‘The Big Four’. These companies include