The invention of Gutenberg's press was met with "claims that the printing press, if not controlled, would lead to chaos and the dismemberment of European intellectual life" (Shirky 1). Some people become anxious with new changes that throw out the restrictions that once was the norm. This, however, happens again and again throughout our history. "Every increase in freedom to create or consume media," brings forecast of impending "chaos and intellectual collapse." Our modern technology is changing the way our brains work. We no longer need to remember anything our tech does that for us. There seems to be a form of amnesia affecting us; the internet has changed the way we function.The way our brains have changed, from the use of the Web, is debated over and has yielded very different outcomes. Gary Small, a neuroscientist, professor, and author studied the effect that Internet searching had on the brain. Twenty-four participants were studied with half having "no Internet search experience," the brains of the other half that regularly used the Internet showed an elevation in stimulation of the "regions associated with complex reasoning and decision-making" (qtd in Munro 4). The participants who were "Internet novices" had similar results in their "frontal lobes" after five days. Using technologies has influenced our brains, Small argues, the "brain shifts towards and is energized by, new technological skills." This sounds good, however, as we rely more and more on our tech we become "intellectually lazy" (Munro, 2). Shirky states that "the Net, in fact, restores reading and writing as central activities in our culture" (3). The Net has greatly assisted people with their research, having search results appear instantly instead of days of going through the library. Subsequently, not reading as we used to has had a price. Carr shares his struggle, "Now my concentration often starts to drift . . . I get fidgety, lose the thread, begin looking for something else to do" (1). The concentration we once had has changed, our brains forever altered.